adidas Runtastic Blog: Running, Fitness & Health

In a marathon, it’s the fitting coaching and preparation that will get you throughout the end line. An necessary a part of your coaching plan is your weight loss plan. However there may be much more to it than simply what you eat earlier than and after you run. The proper snacks and fluids in the course of the race can assist you run sooner and enhance your efficiency. You’ll see the most effective outcomes should you begin taking a more in-depth have a look at your marathon vitamin weeks earlier than the large day.

Macronutrients for Runners: A Breakdown

  • When you’re an endurance athlete, it is best to get to know and love carbohydrates. They’re crucial macronutrient and may make up about 60-65% of your caloric consumption. Your muscle tissues depend on carbohydrates for gas. They’re saved as glycogen in your liver to be used afterward whenever you want a fast burst of power. Maintaining carbs as a staple in your weight loss plan will enable you keep (and enhance) your efficiency and enable you obtain that objective time you’ve gotten your thoughts set on.(1) Depending on the depth of your exercises, 6 to 10 g of carbs per kilo of physique weight are sufficient to maintain your glycogen shops full. Everybody’s wants are, in fact, completely different. Moreover, carbohydrates assist your physique get well put up exercise.2) Moreover, carbohydrates assist your physique get well put up exercise. Purpose for advanced carbohydrates like quinoa, candy potatoes, complete grains, greens and legumes.
  • Protein is the building block of muscle. It’s beneficial that you simply devour 1-1.5 g/kg of your physique weight – that is depending on how intense your exercises are. When you’re doing extra energy coaching, versus operating, you then positively want extra of this macronutrient than endurance athletes. Protein is present in each animal merchandise (meat, fish, eggs, milk, and dairy merchandise) in addition to plant-based meals (soy and soy merchandise, legumes, nuts, seitan, grain merchandise). You possibly can cowl all of your protein wants with a vegan diet should you select. The main focus right here must be on together with a wide range of meals in your weight loss plan with loads of recent fruit and greens.
  • Fat is an incredibly important source of energy and very important to your physique! To start with, it acts as a protector to your organs, insulates your physique (retains you heat) and is critical to soak up these crucial fat-soluble nutritional vitamins (A, D, E and Okay). One gram of fats comprises 9 energy of power. That is twice as a lot as protein and carbohydrates. How a lot fats do you want? Round 30-35% of your day by day caloric consumption must be fat. The place can you discover wholesome fat? Avocados, salmon, vegetable oils, nuts, and seeds (like flax and chia). These fat present tons of power to your marathon coaching.

Preparation is Every little thing

Coaching isn’t the one factor to consider within the closing weeks earlier than a marathon. The proper marathon vitamin will enable you run sooner. Get knowledgeable in regards to the race arrange beforehand: what number of assist stations will there be alongside the course? Don’t attempt something new on race day; solely devour meals and drinks that you simply’ve examined throughout coaching. Check out completely different choices within the weeks earlier than the marathon.

Are you feeling unsure?

A dietician who focuses on sports activities vitamin can reply any questions you will have and get you heading in the right direction with marathon vitamin.

The Closing Countdown

Carb Loading

Because the race will take longer than 90 minutes, it’s advisable to extend your carb consumption within the days main as much as the marathon. The objective of carb loading is to replenish your glycogen shops. 

Nevertheless, that doesn’t imply that it is best to overdo it with carbohydrates. Regularly improve your carbohydrate consumption within the week earlier than the marathon to extend the quantity of glycogen in your muscle tissues. Do you’ve gotten digestive issues? Fiber is important for athletes, however be sure to cut back your fiber consumption to a minimal simply earlier than and on race day.


Be sure to go into the race effectively hydrated. Begin being attentive to your fluid consumption 24 hours earlier than the occasion. 

Marathon Preparation on Race Day

Breakfast 3-Four hours earlier than a run:
You need an easy-to-digest breakfast to energy you up to your race. Steer clear of meals which are excessive in fats and fiber. These meals will sit in your abdomen too lengthy – not feeling whereas operating. And, if you need that further enhance, go for a cup of black coffee to get you energized.

bircher müsli

Breakfast concepts:

  • white toast with jam and a small portion of plain yogurt
  • Bircher muesli (soak oats in a single day in low-fat cow milk, soy, or oat milk) with banana
  • cereal (not the sugary variety!) with milk
  • porridge with berries

Don’t overlook to drink sufficient water earlier than the marathon.

Snack approx. 1 hour earlier than:
When you’re used to consuming a small snack earlier than your run, go for it! Keep in mind, that is all about how you are feeling and the way you’ve gotten performed it throughout your coaching runs.
Snack choices:

Take sips out of your water bottle commonly.

Throughout your run:

There are two essential issues to recollect throughout your race: carbs and fluids. Getting the correct quantity of each is crucial.

woman drinking


The beneficial carbohydrate consumption for lengthy endurance exercises is 30 to 60 g per hour.(3)That quantity will increase to 90 g of carbs per hour for races that last more than 2.5 hours.

The next meals are wealthy in carbohydrates:

  • Banana (approx. 30 g)
  • Power gel (approx. 25 g)
  • Power bar (20 to 40 g) 

Fluid Stage

Runners lose an excessive amount of fluid and electrolytes (particularly sodium and potassium) from sweating closely throughout lengthy runs. These fluids have to get replaced. The one strategy to know the way a lot fluid you’ve misplaced is by weighing your self earlier than and after your marathon coaching. Attempt it to get an thought of how a lot it is best to drink on race day.

Drink 600 to 1200 ml of fluid per hour of exertion.(4)Your beverage of selection ought to include carbs, sodium, and potassium. Isotonic drinks are an amazing supply of power to your run. Isotonic means it has the identical osmotic strain as blood plasma, so it’s in a position to be rapidly absorbed into the bloodstream. That is the proper resolution for misplaced fluids and electrolytes throughout your future. You possibly can even make your own sports drink at home to your marathon! 

Instantly after the Marathon

So as to refill your glycogen shops, some suggestions advise you to devour about 1 to 1.2g of carbohydrates per kg of physique weight within the first few hours after you end the race. Nevertheless, that is solely vital should you’ve bought one other race in eight to 10 hours. That’s most likely not the case, proper? Don’t fear an excessive amount of about what you eat after your marathon. Have fun your achievement; you simply completed a marathon and must be pleased with your self. 


Your marathon vitamin must be well-planned. Irrespective of whether or not it’s earlier than or throughout your race, it’s necessary to decide on the fitting drinks and meals to make you run sooner and carry out your greatest. 


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